The processor is the brain of any computer, which ensures the smooth functioning of all elements of the system. In the event of a failure or the appearance of new, more powerful models, you should not immediately rush to the store for purchases. The thing is that the motherboard on which the processor is installed supports only certain device models, the list of which is limited. In order not to make unnecessary purchases, first of all make sure that they are compatible. How to find out if the processor is compatible with the motherboard, we will figure it out below.
Available Types of Motherboard And Processor
Processors can be classified according to the following criteria:
There are not many processor manufacturers, and of the large companies known around the world, only two can be distinguished:
Processors (PR) of these manufacturers are radically different from each other. For example, an AMD processor is connected to the motherboard (MP) using special “legs” that are located on the processor itself. At Intel, everything is organized in reverse order. “Legs” are located on the MP itself, and the processor has special connectors for them. Accordingly, you will not be able to install Intel PR on AMD MPs due to physical differences. To understand whether the processor is suitable for the MP, such a concept as a socket was introduced. It denotes the modification of the connector on the MP, which the processor must comply with. If they match, you can safely buy the thing you need.
Another distinguishing feature of all processors is their power. It is determined by the number of cores, operating frequency, maximum cache size and a bunch of other indicators. Fortunately, power has nothing to do with compatibility, and processors with more cores or clock speeds can be replaced with older models.
See guide How To Identify Chipset On Motherboard?
Motherboards, like PR, have their own differences:
- By power supply;
- By the chipset;
The power supply of some MPs will not allow you to install the processor, even if they have compatible sockets. Usually, this situation is observed when trying to install a powerful and productive PR, which requires a lot of energy for normal operation, on a budget MP.
Note! If you try to install PR on MPs with different sockets, you will most likely damage your computer and will not achieve any positive results.
In addition to the above differences, MPs have another characteristic that divides them into different categories the chipset. A chipset is a set of circuits, with the help of which the work of the remaining elements of the system is organized. When buying a new PR, make sure the MP chipset supports this model. Such situations do not arise often, but it is better to play it safe in order to avoid unpleasant surprises.
Read Best LGA 1200 Motherboards For Gaming And Graphics.
Motherboard And Processor Compatibility
How to choose Motherboard And Processor?
When choosing processor and motherboard, you must be guided by the following rules:
- An important criterion for compatibility is the frequency at which the processor operates. The higher the value, the faster the computer will process the data. If the frequency of the motherboard bus is lower than the frequency of the processor, they will not function properly;
- When choosing an motherboard for your PC, keep in mind the fact that you will have to upgrade the system in the future. It follows that your motherboard should support as many PRs as possible, the latest modification. This will allow you to change only processor in the future and not buy a new motherboard for it;
- Do not purchase components from different manufacturers. They will most likely not interact with each other due to design differences. So, for example, a motherboard from Intel will not be able to service processor from AMD and vice versa;
The area of application of the PC plays an important role in the selection of components. If it is required for office work, it will be enough for you to purchase a system with components of old models. They will not require increased performance, which means you do not need to spend extra money.
Important! When buying a PC for office or study, you can use any typical assembly offered in the store. It will serve you for a long time, without the need to replace components.
Anyone looking to buy a PC for graphics or gaming will not be able to get by with cheap systems. You will need the most modern elements that can withstand heavy loads for a long time. In this case, the newer the device model is, the better.
Best guide on How To Choose A Motherboard.
Motherboard And Processor Compatibility
The most effective is the following algorithm for determining the compatibility of motherboards and processors:
- You need to find out the manufacturer of the MP and its model. This information can be found on the box for the device or read in the documents for your PC. They must contain a list with all components and their main characteristics;
- After you have learned the motherboard model and the manufacturer, you need to go to its official website. It should contain a tab that contains information about all released MP models and their compatibility with processor;
If for some reason you do not have access to the Internet, you can contact any computer store, whose specialists will help you check the compatibility of the motherboard and processor. This method is the most productive and reliable.
The last option that will help you find the right combination of PR and MT is to search the Internet for ready-made assemblies. They are tailored to various customer requirements and will serve you for many years until your next system upgrade.
Compatibility table between Motherboard And Processor
Below is a table showing the compatibility of processors and motherboards, with sockets FM1, FM2, FM2 +, AM2, AM2 +, AM3, and AM3 +.
|FM1 motherboards||FM2 motherboards||FM2 + motherboards||AM2 motherboards||AM2 + motherboards||AM3 motherboards||AM3 + motherboards|
|FM2 + processors||–||–||+||–||–||–||–|
|AM2 + processors||–||–||–||+ –||+||–||–|
|AM3 processors||–||–||–||–||+ –||+||+|
|AM3 + processors||–||–||–||–||–||–||+|
- “+” – compatible;
- “+ -” – Possibly compatible. It is necessary to clarify the information on the manufacturer’s website;
- “-” – not compatible;
This table contains general information. If you want to check the compatibility of a particular device, we advise you to refer to the manufacturer’s website. It contains more detailed information regarding all the released MP models and compatible PRs, from old models to modern samples.
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In conclusion, I would like to note that determining compatibility is an important step in the process of assembling and upgrading a PC. If you do not know how to choose the best combination of component parts, do not hesitate to contact the manufacturer’s website, support service, or computer firms that assemble and sell PCs. They will be able to advise you on all issues of interest and will do it for free. Thus, you will select for yourself the best combination of devices that will satisfy all your requirements without unnecessary spending.